To understand the role of information and technology in controlling cybercrime, we need to define cybercrime first. Cybercrime involves illegal activities committed through the internet. Cybercrime is usually a computer-oriented crime. It includes fraud, identity theft, hacking, phishing, spoofing, malware, software piracy, etc. It involves offences committed against individuals with a criminal motive to intentionally harm or bully the victim, to cause mental or physical harm, to cause loss to the victim directly or indirectly using modern communication networks such as the internet and mobile phones. Information technology plays a significant role in curbing cybercrimes.
Several types of technological countermeasures are developed to control cybercrimes, and few of them are listed below:
A firewall is a network system that secures and manages the incoming and outgoing flow or network traffic based on an applied rule set. A firewall guards the network against outside intrusion and to prevent users from accessing prohibited sites. A firewall creates a barrier between an internal network and the external network. Firewalls filter internet traffic.
Antivirus software is used to make a computer system safe from viruses, computer bugs and Trojan Horses. It was developed to prevent, detect and remove dangerous software. Antivirus software prevents viruses from infecting a computer by scanning for virus signatures. For antivirus to be effective, it must be up-to-date and functional. Modern antivirus software can protect your system from malicious browser helper objects, ransomware, backdoors, browser hijackers, key loggers, rootkits, Trojan, worms, fraud tools, spyware, adware, and dialers.
Network Security Analyzers:
With Cloud, mobile and social computing creating new security vulnerabilities, traditional cyber security products such as firewalls and antivirus scanners cannot eliminate every threat. Professional services firms have introduced security offerings that combine the automation and analytical capabilities of information technology (IT) platforms with human intelligence to help victims cope. Such technological offerings can help organizations monitor, collect and analyze large data sets and identify patterns that indicate breaches or attempted breaches. This process allows institutions to respond to threats quickly, and it supports more thorough auditing of cybersecurity risks at a time when firms, especially public companies, face rising expectations to disclose their security risks and incidents.
A company’s network is a primary means of communication. It comes under attack every day by professional hackers with an intention to use company information for their fortune. It is not compromised only by external individuals but also sometimes by people present in the company. While performing the audit, any security policy can be used by the organization as a basis for the work that has been undertaken. The policy should be treated as a threat at the initial stage. The security audit is a policy based monitoring of existing procedures and practices of sites and accessing the risk associated with these actions.